Управління освіти і науки
Кіровоградський обласний загальноосвітній навчально-виховний комплекс гуманітарно-естетичного профілю
Мала академія наук учнівської молоді
другого етапу Всеукраїнського конкурсу-захисту та теми науково-дослідницьких робіт МАН
Секція англійської мови та літератури
Кіровоград – 2009
Посібник: Контрольні завдання другого етапу Всеукраїнського конкурсу-захисту та теми науково-дослідницьких робіт МАН. – Кіровоград, 2009. – 32 с.
У посібнику вміщено умови контрольних робіт з англійської мови та літератури другого етапу Всеукраїнського конкурсу-захисту науково-дослідницьких робіт учнів-членів МАН. Подано тематику науково дослідницьких робіт.
Посібник рекомендовано для вчителів, науково-педагогічних керівників гуманітарного напряму МАН та наукових товариств, а також для учнів середніх шкіл, гімназій, ліцеїв.
Відповідальна за випуск Філянт С.В., заступник директора з навчально-методичної роботи МАН учнівської молоді
Упорядник Причиненко Ю.Є., методист МАН учнівської молоді (секції: англійська мова та література, німецька мова та література, українська мова та література).
1. КОНТРОЛЬНІ ЗАВДАННЯ ДРУГОГО ЕТАПУ КОНКУРСУ-ЗАХИСТУ 5
1.1. Англійська мова 5
2. Орієнтовна тематика науково-дослідницьких робіт 13
You will hear ten short conversations between two people. At the end of each conversation, you must answer the question below that corresponds to the conversation. Choose the correct answer from the list of options given.
1. Who are the speakers? 6. Who is waiting?
A architects A a meter reader
B accountants B a taxi driver
C dieticians C a runner
D tailors D a cashier
2. Who are the speakers talking about? 7. Who is worried?
A a repairperson A a veterinarian
B a traffic officer B a painter
C a waiter C a pet owner
D chauffeur D a furniture salesperson
3. Who asked the questions? 8. Who are the speakers talking about?
A the security guard A an artist
B a union leader B a construction worker
C a reporter C a college professor
D the mayor D a loan officer
4. Who is the man talking with? 9. Who are the speakers?
A a human recourses officer A gamblers
B a mathematician B taxi drivers
C a banker C commuters
D a tax lawyer D train conductors
5. Who are the speakers talking about? 10. Who are the speakers discussing?
A a teacher A an absent employee
B an athlete B a model employee
C a gardener C an ill employee
D a musician D a tardy employee
You will hear ten more short conversations between two people. At the end of each conversation, you must answer the question below that corresponds to the conversation. Choose the correct answer from the list of options given.
1. How much will the woman budget for 6. How many people are expected the software? at the seminar?
A 900$ A 150
B 400$ B 225
C 650$ C 50
D 500$ D 300
2. How often are project reports issued? 7. How will the woman get to the airport?
A Every three months A By subway
B Once a month B By taxi
C Every two weeks C By bus
D Once a week D By shuttle
3. How soon will the package arrive? 8. How should he turn on the computer?
A In two days A By plugging it into the wall
B The next day B By pressing a key on the keyboard
C The same night C By pressing a button by the screen
D Immediately D By using the switch at the back
4. How will the woman find the telephone 9. How did the man fix the copier?
number? A He restarted it
A She'll ask directory assistance B He asked for help
B She'll look up the number C He called a repairperson
C She'll ask the man for the number D He removed some crumbled paper
D She'll look for the telephone directory 10. How did the woman break her leg?
5. How long does the man's commute take? A She fell jumping over a tennis net
A Close to an hour B She was in a car wreck
B More than an hour C She slipped off the diving board
C About ten minutes at the pool
D About five minutes D She had a skiing accident
You will hear people talking in eight different situations. Choose the best answer for each question from the options listed.
1. You will overhear a man arranging an interview. Who is he talking to?
A his boss
B an agent
C a customer
2. You will hear a girl talking about a sports injury. How did she injure herself? '
A She fell over
B She hit a post
C She hurt her arm
3. You will hear a woman talking to a mobile phone company. What is she told to do?
A return her phone to the company
B take her phone back to the shop
C charge her battery for longer
4. You will hear two people trying to arrange a meeting. What do they decide to do?
A meet at the weekend
B postpone their meeting
C cancel their meeting
5. You will hear a recorded message about hospital visiting times. What advice is being given?
A Visitors can get a meal if they want
B Visitors must register on arrival
C Visitors should avoid coming by car
6. You will hear a woman talking about being a pianist. What does she dislike most about her career?
A the hours of practice
B the loneliness
C the traveling
7. You will hear a man talking about a lecture he attended. How did he feel during the lecture?
8. You will hear a woman talking about a relative. Who is she complaining about?
A her daughter
B her sister
C her mother
Read the article about cyber cafes. Choose the most suitable heading from the list for each part of the article.
The original attraction of the cyber cafe
In the early nineties in Great Britain going for a coffee and surfing the Net were new and exciting things to do. The cyber cafe was a successful mixture of two things: coffee and the Internet. Not even cold coffee and slow connections put people off from going to these cafes.
(E) E-mail keeps costs down
(F) The cyber cafe may replace the office
Read the article about surfing. Choose the most suitable heading from the list for each part of the article.
Origins of surfing
It is generally believed that the ancient Polynesians were the first to surf and to introduce surfing to the Hawaiian Islands in the central Pacific Ocean. In fact, early records show that surfing was at its height in the late eighteenth century. During the next century the sport declined, but by the beginning of the twentieth century its popularity had increased again and it gradually became an established water sport.
(E) Dangers of surfing
(F) Ideal surfing conditions
(G) One man's influence
Answer questions 1-13 by referring to the magazine article Travel Africa: Brochures under Review. Answer by choosing from the reviews of travel brochures A-E. Some of the choices may be required more than once.
Brochures under Review
A Wildlife Safaris
This company offers about 70 wildlife and adventure safaris. There are three different styles of trip - the Traveller Plus, which is based in three and four star accommodation, the Traveller, which is in tourist class hotels, lodges and camps, and Budget, where guest houses and DIY camping are part of the action. The safari itineraries outline daily locations, activities and options, and are accompanied by fact boxes covering the type of trip, transport, staffing, age group and other data. Locations and route maps are included. The brochure also provides an extremely useful set of guidelines about the dos and don'ts of behaviour in each of the countries concerned. These vary from dress code through personal greetings - including a few language tips to impress the hosts - to the taking of photographs.
For the adventurous, perhaps budget-conscious, traveller, there are some tempting safaris on offer.
This award-winning, long-haul, worldwide tour operator offers a variety of safaris to a number of East African countries. They cover the Serengeti, Zanzibar and Lake Manyara, although the Olduvai Gorge is temporarily off the list for this year. Itineraries are generally of 9-14 days' duration, but extensions of up to a week on Zanzibar Island are available.
Bird lovers and those wanting to climb Mt. Kilimanjaro are well catered for by what must surely be one of the most dynamic holiday companies around. The camerawork is head and shoulders above that of its competitors, with this year's brochure featuring an original ten-to-a-page design in glorious multicolour. The same can't always be said for the writing; the description of places leaves a little to be desired throughout, but nobody's perfect!
Prices are quoted for each itinerary and costs for seaside accommodation listed in tables showing seasonal variations. This attractive, easy-to-use brochure concludes with fairly extensive information for visitors, the company's code of conduct and a booking form.
This is a colourful, informative and effective sales tool. Clever use of a question-and-answer technique covers essentials such as money, weather, food and concerns like the type of electrical plugs used. A restaurant guide pinpointing the characteristics of 21 establishments precedes an outline of 14 hotels, of excellent standard and variety. Each of these is afforded a double-page spread, over half of which displays photographs showing off the facilities, particularly the swimming pool, which dominates most layouts. This, and the absence of a mention of the beach for a number of hotels, is perhaps a reflection of holidaymaker preferences. Intriguing, considering the country's considerable coastal attractiveness.
A number of pages are devoted to birdwatching safaris and excursions. The latter include river trips, such as cruises across the border into Senegal or up local creeks, fishing expeditions and horse trips. Notes on hotel grading, climate, history and the economy will prove very useful.
African Classic is a 25-year-old International Travel Connections Company, and classic their 90-page brochure is - an array of stunning photographs and seductive descriptions displayed with refined taste. It exudes class and quality, and that's exactly what the establishments it portrays represent. There
are suggested itineraries and notes on luxury train journeys within South Africa. The separate price • guide gives information on various (seasonally variable) charges for air flights, car hire, train safaris, accommodation and activities.
A mouth-watering look at South Africa, which will make you wish you could stay for ever!
Though the coverage is very broad, the bulk of this 124-page brochure is devoted to the Southern African countries. The index is puzzling and it takes a bit of time to work out what is where and, in some cases, exactly where to find what you want.
The first section is given to quality pictures and short descriptions of upmarket hotels, lodges and camps in the countries listed. Of the 80 pages in this section, getting on for half sell Southern African hotels. Ghana and Uganda are briefly covered as destinations, without accommodation descriptions.
The second section presents suggested tour itineraries. Again the bulk are devoted to Southern Africa but overall the suggested routes encompass the main attractions in logical and economical sequence.
The brochure does warn, however, of considerable fluctuations in the price of air travel, so the message is - don't travel at Easter and Christmas time.
1. Which brochure or brochures is said to contain a surprising omission?
6. Which brochure or brochures is said to use a layout designed to attention to different
9. Which brochure or brochures is said to feature holidays which cost more at certain times of the
year? (There are two possible answers).
10. Which brochure or brochures is said to be of interest to holiday makers without a lot of money
11. Which brochure or brochures is said to contain rather repetitive visual material?
12. Which brochure or brochures is said to feature a location where it is possible to stay longer than
13. Which brochure or brochures is said to present information in an inventive way? (There are two
Grammar and Vocabulary
Read the text and look carefully at each line. Some lines are correct, and some have a word which should not be there. If a line is correct write "Correct". If a line has a word which should not be there, indicate it.
13.1 thought I would to faint so I made my way very quickly towards the exit.
Read the text and think of the word which best fits each space. Use only one word in each space.
Of the five senses, smell is probably the one that you value least. Yet your sense of smell is the most direct link (1)______ _________the brain and the outside world. It (2)__________two seconds for a smell to (3)________ the nose and travel to the part of the brain (4)__________controls emotions and memories. Exactly (5)_________ our sense of smell influences your emotions, however, is (6)__________fully understood.
Nevertheless, a sense of smell can even influence your relationships (7) ________ other people. Apparently, you (8)___________ in love through your nose, not your eyes or your ears. Moreover, people tend to smell of what they eat and (9)____________can also influence what people think of you. In one famous study, 84 percent of people taking (10)___________said they were more (11)___________to buy a particular brand of trainers, when they (12)_________________placed in a room smelling of flowers. This kind of knowledge can be (13)___________________to influence people's spending habits at a subconscious (14)______________, and could obviously be useful in (15)___________________all sorts of things from clothing to cars.
Read the texts and use the word given to form one word that fits in each space.
For a work that is often regarded as one of the key operas of the (1)_____________(TWENTY) century, there are surprisingly few (2)________(STAND) performances of Wozzeck. This new version is just about the best around at the moment. Although there are moments which are far from perfect - the (3)_____________(INTERPRET) of the character of Wozzeck is only (4)___________(OCCASION) successful - at others the characterisation and singing are (5)_________________________(IMPRESS), especially the almost (6)______________(FAULT) performance of Angela Denoke as Marie. Denoke has just the right mix of passion and (7)___________(TENDER); her cruel treatment at the hands of fate produces a final scene which is genuinely (8)_________(TOUCH).
Smell, one of the most evocative and probably the most underrated of human senses, is today reduced to little more than an exercise in clever (9)______________ (MARKET). Alongside leather goods, sportswear and furnishing fabrics, fragrance is just another weapon in the arsenal of the luxury goods industry. Millions are spent on (10)___________ (SEARCH) projects to find out what fragrance the broadest band of consumers want. Mass (11)________(PRODUCE) then allows the delivery of the new brand to every (12)____________(FASHION) airport shop and department store across the globe.
But however (13) (CLEVER) promoted, such fragrances are no match for the real
thing. Happily, there are still some fragrances (14)____________(SUFFICE) eclectic to be worn by people who value (15)__________(INDIVIDUAL). These are the cult fragrances, made in the old fashioned way, which rely on (16) _________(DISCERN) individuals, rather than advertising images, to spread the word.